"What Are the Strengths and Weaknesses of Merton's Strain Theory in Understanding Crime" paper focuses on the social strain theory. According to the theory, some crime may be linked to the presence of anger and frustration that is created by societal or personal strain. … The theory states that social structures may pressure citizens to commit crimes. When Merton (1938) and Sutherland (1940) first presented their respective strain theory and notion of white-collar crime, their concerns and fundamental assumptions were completely at odds with one another. Strain theories look through a structural scope to examine crime in society. In contrast to control and learning theories, GST focuses explicitly on negative treatment by others and is the only major theory of crime and delinquency to highlight the role of negative emotions in the etiology of offending. Following the work of Emile Durkheim, Strain Theories have been supported by Robert King Merton, Albert K. Cohen, Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, Robert Agnew, and Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld. The general strain theory identifies the ways of measuring strain, the different types of strain, the link between strain and crime, and policy recommendations based on the theory. Strain theory is a sociological theory that tries to explain why people may be drawn to delinquency or crime. Agnew’s general strain theory is based on the general idea that “when people are treated badly they may get upset and engage in crime”. One such strain is real or perceived injustice. I’m from a town of 3,000 people in rural Iowa. Strain can be felt throughout any community, large or small. Strain may be structural, which refers to the processes at the societal level that filter … The premise of strain theory is that a something or someone in a person’s life is causing the strain that leads them to commit a crime in order to alleviate that strain (Agnew, 2001). While Sutherland's primary focus was on the crimes of the socially elite and powerful, Merton and other classical strain theorists (Cloward and Ohlin, 1960, Cohen, 1955) … our understanding of crime and deviance Define what is meant by Strain Theory Explain how strain occurs Outline deviant adaptations to strain Evaluate Merton’s explanation of Crime Compare and contrast Durkheim and Merton’s views Evaluate both views and their usefulness E A* It focuses on the positions that individuals occupy in a social system, not on the characteristics of the individual. Social strain theory was developed by famed American sociologist Robert K. Merton. In this chapter, we detail the historical and contemporary theoretical development of anomie and strain theories. General strain theory (GST) provides a unique explanation of crime and delinquency. Strain Theory attempts to explain why crime is resolute amongst the lower classes who are subjected to the least opportunities for economic achievement (O’ Connor 2007). Despite the plethora of international research supporting anomie and strain theories, comparatively few studies have examined the impact of anomie and strain on crime and delinquency within an Australian or New Zealand context. The strain can be individual or structural. The theory explains that it is the social structures that influence a person to commit a crime. Thus, the strain theory (GST) should be regarded primarily as a set of ideas formulated to explain the occurrence of crime because of the stress in life we must face. In criminology, the strain theory describes social structures inside society that may support people to carry out crime. An increase in strain can lead to an increase in crime. 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