Science & Exploration ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet wants your inspiration to name… He was one of the Mercury Seven astronauts selected for NASA's Project Mercury in April 1959.

L. Helmreich MUSSON DM, SANDAL SM, HELMREICH RL. Malcolm Scott Carpenter (May 1, 1925 – October 10, 2013) was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, astronaut, and aquanaut.

In late 1958, as NASA begin defining how to select astronauts, President Eisenhower directed that test pilots be the pool from which candidates were selected. The men went through a meticulous selection process and a very vigorous and fast paced training program. NASA Glenn in his silver Mercury pressure suit in preparation for launch. Some have voluntarily resigned or been medically disqualified after becoming astronauts but before being selected for flights. The Mercury Program was the beginning of United States’ manned, exploration of space. The seven men chosen to be the first astronauts came from many different backgrounds, but soon would become heroes of their country and the world. Selection as an Astronaut Candidate and subsequent promotion to Astronaut does not guarantee the individual will eventually fly in space. Astronauts Glenn, Grissom, and Shepard stand in front of a Redstone suborbital rocket with Mercury capsule. Personality character-istics and trait clusters in final stage astronaut selection. Introduction: This paper presents personality testing data from final stage applicants to the NASA astronaut program. With encouragement from the National Academy of Sciences and other outside agencies, beginning in 1964, NASA began to consider the selection of scientists as astronauts for Apollo lunar exploration and Earth orbital missions.
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All seven were military test pilots, a requirement specified by President …
M. Sandal, and Robert.

Note: The first group of astronauts selected by NASA were for Project Mercury in April 1959.

The astronaut selection program was designed to select in-dividuals who would require a minimum of training in order tofulfill the Mercury job requirements. Aviat Space Environ Med 2004; 75:342–9. Candidates for the scientist-astronaut position could be but were not required to be pilots. Particularly desired were individuals who had sufficient experience inaircraft-development operations to make immediate contributions to the Project Mercury program. The actual flight experience of Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo missions in hindsight validated that standard. Final Stage Astronaut Selection David M. Musson, Gro.

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